ESIC Digital Economy and Innovation Journal

Buscador

Transformación de estructuras organizacionales en grandes empresas

Resumen

El objetivo de esta investigación es examinar cómo las empresas de gran tamaño pueden transformar su estructura organizativa jerárquica hacia una más ágil. Se detectan patrones y desafíos inherentes a esta transformación, empleando la teoría de contingencia como marco conceptual. El sector financiero se selecciona como campo de estudio, y se realiza un análisis cualitativo mediante cinco casos de estudio, utilizando a los gerentes de transformación como principales entrevistados. Esta investigación contribuye a la identificación de factores de éxito clave para las empresas durante el proceso de transformación de su estructura organizacional. Los resultados revelan que las grandes empresas pueden reducir el número de niveles en la jerarquía, pero no pueden abandonar por completo su estructura, pueden incorporar grupos interdisciplinarios que fomenten la colaboración y la toma de decisiones ágiles. Asimismo, se destaca que no existe una única forma de llevar a cabo esta transformación, ya que su implementación depende del contexto específico de cada empresa. Este estudio amplía el entendimiento sobre cómo las empresas de gran tamaño pueden adaptar su estructura organizativa jerárquica hacia una mayor agilidad. Los hallazgos resaltan la importancia de la adaptación de estrategias según el contexto empresarial. Estos factores de éxito identificados pueden guiar a otras organizaciones que enfrentan desafíos similares en su proceso de transformación, impulsando prácticas empresariales más flexibles y eficientes en el actual entorno de negocios.

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